Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on James Joyce - 1722 Words

James Joyce nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;James Joyce, an Irish novelist and poet, grew up near Dublin. James Joyce is one of the most influential novelists of the 20th century. In each of his prose works he used symbols to experience what he called an quot;epiphanyquot;, the revelation of certain revealing qualities about himself. His early writings reveal individual moods and characters and the plight of Ireland and the Irish artist in the 1900s. Later works, reveal a man in all his complexity as an artist and in family aspects. Joyce is known for his style of writing called quot;stream of consciousnessquot;. Using this technique, he ignored ordinary sentence structure and attempted to reproduce the ramblings of the†¦show more content†¦After Ulysses in 1922, he was left a lot of money from an Englishwoman, and then spent his time working on his writing full time. This book A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in 1916, was an autobiographical novel about his youth and his home life. The main characters name in this is Stephen Dedalus. It shows a clear cut , advocary of an artists right to defy inhibiting forces like, family, church and nation. When Stephen, was in the university he talks about hi dislike for his classmates who just bend their heads and write in their notebooks, quot;the points they were bidden to note, nominal definitions, essential definitions and examples or dates of birth or death, chief works, a favorable and unfavorable criticism side by side,quot; Joyces views of Irish education werent very good. Stephen in this book scorns his family, and his fathers attributes. He thinks that he has failed in his effort to unite his will and the will of God, to love God the way he feels is expected. He feels this because he will not serve God. He wants to live his life his way. He talks about how he knew he couldnt be accepted, quot;it wounded him to think that he would never be but a shy guest at the feast of the worlds culture and that the monkish learning, in terms of which he was striving to forge out an esthetic philosophy, was held no higher by the age he lived than the subtle and curious jargons of heraldryShow MoreRelated James Joyce Essay1100 Words   |  5 Pages In selecting James Joyces Ulysses as the best novel of the twentieth century, Time magazine affirmed Joyces lasting legacy in the realm of English literature. James Joyce (1882-1941), the twentieth century Irish novelist, short story writer and poet is a major literary figure of the twentieth-century. Regarded as quot;the most international of writers in English ¡K[with] a global reputation (Attridge, pix), Joyces stature in literature stems from his experimentation with English prose. InfluencedRead MoreDubliners By James Joyce1755 Words   |  8 PagesDubliners, is a book in which James Joyce takes his readers back to early 20th century Dublin. Joyce s collection of short stories portrays his homeland, Ireland, at a time of stagnation and the beginning of the Irish Nationalist Movements, which sought independence from Great Britain. With such dependence, Ireland and its citizens lives could not move forward and to enliven this condition in his book Joyce use three great concep ts. In the first short story Joyce mentions the words gnomon, simonyRead More`` Araby `` By James Joyce1451 Words   |  6 PagesJames Joyce, an Irish novelist, wrote fifteen short stories that depict Irish middle class life in Dublin, Ireland during the early years of the twentieth century. He entitled the compilation of these short stories Dubliners. The protagonist in each of these stories, shares a desire for change. This common interest motivates the protagonist and helps them to move forward in their lives. Additionally, the protagonist has an epiphany, or moment of realization or transformation. In â€Å"Araby†, the narratorRead More`` Araby `` By James Joyce1315 Words   |  6 PagesThe short story â€Å"Araby† by James Joyce is a young boy who has such an infatuation for his friend Mangan sister, he begins to idolize her as if she was a saint. This is when the idea of love and desire come into play. He simply can’t stop thinking about her and sees her in a godly like way. As the story begins to unfold the realization that the young boy doesn t quite understand the concept of the illusion and the reality of what Mangan’s sister really means to him. The young boy realizes that hisRead MoreThe Dubliners By James Joyce1570 Words   |  7 PagesJames Joyce’s 1914 collection of 15 short stories The Dubliners has the continuous theme of money which further dwells into the idea of class systems, how colonies became a dichotomy, and how in the end, the colonists were nearly the same. Since Joyce writes these stories in the early 20th Century, there has been a large history behind colonization and the life that comes with it. In using everyday examples or little segments of the average day, Joyce expresses the idea and components of the classRead MoreThe Dead by James Joyce879 Words   |  4 PagesThe short story the dead is written by James Joyce an Irish writer who lived between 1882-1941,he is best known for his modern writing techniques, with stories such as â€Å"The Dead†, this story is well known for its deep analogy of Irish culture, history, and how the story relates to life struggles, the difficulties of time and age and dealing to forget the dead ones we have lost. In the story we learn the toughts and voice of a husband who finds out that his wife previous love of her life still remainsRead MoreThe Dead By James Joyce2257 Words   |  10 Pageshuman interactions, morphs slowly into an examination of the nature of time and memory. James Joyce uses every level of his writing in order to reveal this complex paradox. He breaks down the boundaries of life and death, of time and memory, by breaking down the structure of his grammar. He exposes the ambiguities of existence through the ambiguities of pronouns. In the midst of this acrobatic vernacular, Joyce is able to maintain the humanity of his ideas through the character of Gabriel. GabrielRead MoreThe Dead By James Joyce2111 Words   |  9 Pageswritten by James Joyce detailing the lives of many seemingly average characters from Dublin during the early twentieth century. Throughout all of Dubliners, Joyce gives the protagonist of every story a sort of epiphany that leads them to realize the so urce of their unhappiness, oftentimes, the characters choose to do nothing about it. Farrington, the protagonist in the short story â€Å"Counterparts,† and Gabriel Conroy, the protagonist in â€Å"The Dead,† are two very different characters. Joyce uses thisRead MoreThe Anonymous Storyteller By James Joyce932 Words   |  4 PagesIn James Joyce s Araby, the anonymous storyteller is charmed by the sister of his companion, Mangan. He plans to purchase a blessing for her at the Araby bazaar, which serves to him as a picture of getaway from the preventing environment of his neighborhood in Dublin. Through these characters and this setting, Joyce conveys the topic that in man s young optimism and his gullible longing, he finds a restricting disillusionment, brought about by his adolescence and the constraints of his realityRead MoreThe Dead By James Joyce Essay942 Words   |  4 Pages James Joyce emerged as a radical new narrative writer in modern times. Joyce conveyed this new writing style through his stylistic devices such as the stream of consciousness, and a complex set of mythic parallels and literary parodies. This mythic parallel is called an epiphany. â€Å"The Dead† by Joyce was written as a part of Joyce’s collection called â€Å"The Dubliners†. Joyce’s influence behind writing the short story was all around him. The growing nationalist Irish movement around Dublin, Ireland

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Most Serious Forms Of Mental Illness - 1142 Words

Mental Illness Deinstitutionalization The most serious forms of mental illness are psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar (manic-depression), which affect the mind and alter a person’s ability to understand reality, think clearly, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, and behave appropriately. People with psychotic disorders may hear nonexistent voices, hallucinate, and make inappropriate behavioral responses. Others exhibit illogical and incoherent thought processes and a lack of insight into their own behavior. They may see themselves as agents of the devil, avenging angels, or the recipients of messages from animals and plants (Siegel, 2011). Research has found that individuals who commit serious violent crimes usually suffer from some sort of mental disturbance. People who have been arrested for multiple crimes usually suffer from a psychiatric disorder, particularly a psychotic disorder. The mentally ill are more likely to experience repeated arrests/incarcerations if they do not get the treatment needed. Research has shown that people who suffer from severe mental illness/disorders are usually more antisocial than others and therefore punishment is not as effective in reducing their criminal offending (Siegel, 2011). According to the text, mental illness is a social problem because of the number of people it affects (1 in 4 adults in the U.S.), the difficulty of defining/identifying it and the way it is treated. Mental illness sometimesShow MoreRelatedWomen With Serious Mental Illness Essay1580 Words   |  7 Pagesabout women with serious mental illnesses. Using the National Institute of Mental Health study, the researchers used randomized groups to gather information. By using specific questions about the lives of women with a serious mental illness, the researchers were then able to categorize the main themes that impacts women living with a serious mental illness. The observations were then used to inform mental health professionals the complexity of women living with serious mental illness and how to improveRead MoreMental Illness And Crime Is Vulnerability928 Words   |  4 Pagesyourself to their level in order to empathise. Its all about trust, once you gain their trust you can go a lon g way with that person.† Sgt Haworth then added: â€Å"the most important thing is not to tell them any lies because that person you are dealing with today, if you give them a five minute trust scenario where they trust you and then you stick on the handcuffs, throw them in a van and take them to a place they don t want to be, that person could then be out within a week, a day, a month and whenRead MoreAre Mental Disorders Biological Or Environmental?1410 Words   |  6 Pages Are mental disorders biological or environmental? For years the nurture versus nature debate has been argued by people around the world. Mental disorders are one of the main topics discussed among these people. Mental disorders apply to many mental health conditions that can affect someone’s emotions, logic, and attitude. According to The Kim Foundation, 26.2 percent of Americans who are 18 or older suffer from a mental disorder. The reason for the development of mental disorders isRead MoreMental Illness Is A Condition That Affects Millions Of Americans1289 Words   |  6 PagesMental illness is a condition that affects millions of Americans, but with the correct treatment, it is becoming more and more possible to live close to a normal life. It is estimated that one in five Americans experienced some form of mental health issue within the last year. The most common form of mental illness experienced in the United States is anxiety disorders (Kinsman), which affect nearly 40 million Americans. The second most common is depression, affecting approximately 19 million AmericansRead MoreMental Health1329 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Mental Health Essay Mental health is all about how we think, feel and behave. It refers to our cognitive, and/or our emotional wellbeing. It describes a sense of wellbeing. Mental health ‘problems’ or ‘difficulties’ are terms used to describe temporary reactions to a painful event, stress, or systems of drug or alcohol use, lack of sleep or physical illness. It can also be used to describe long-term psychiatric conditions, which may have significant effects on an individual’s functioning. SomeRead MoreDepression : The Common Misconception Of Depression1366 Words   |  6 PagesDictionary defines depression as â€Å" A serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant and is often unable to live in a normal way.† Depression is usually a long period of sadness where an individual lacks motivation to do even the simplest tasks such as getting out of bed, taking a shower, and many more everyday activities. Depression is a fairly co mmon mental illness and it is said that everyone will most likely experience some form of depression at least once in theirRead MoreHomelessness And Mental Health And Substance Abuse878 Words   |  4 Pagesdramatically, tripling in 182 cities over the court of the 1980s (Bagenstos, 2012). In addition, mental health and substance abuse is a major problem in across the country because of homelessness. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration,20 to 25% of the homeless population in the United States suffers from some form of severe mental illness (DMHAS, 2014). Consequently, mental illnesses disrupt people’s ability to carry out key aspects of daily life, such as self-careRead MoreThe Problems of Homelessness and Mental Illness1536 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Introduction The problems of homelessness and mental illness are inextricably intertwined. One way that mental illness impacts peoples lives is that it oftentimes renders them unable to carry out the functions of daily life, such as keeping a job, paying their bills, and managing a household. In addition to disrupting the events of daily life, mental illness may also prevent people from forming and maintaining stable relationships or cause people to misinterpret others guidance and react irrationallyRead MorePharmaceutical Companies And Commercial Medicine Shape And Determine Mental Health1226 Words   |  5 PagesPharmaceutical companies and commercial medicine shape and determine mental health and illness in various ways. It is important to address this argument to understand how diseases and illnesses are defined within the medical system and in society. It is to be noted that there are other aspects of the medical system that are influential in shaping mental health and illness. These agents may be medical insurance companies, hospitals, clinics and health care workers. It is apparent that the close relationshipRead MoreBipolar Disorder ( Bipolar )847 Words   |  4 PagesDisorder is a mental illness, which involves hypomanic episodes, which are changes in someone’s usual mood. Originally, Bipolar Disorder was called manic depression because it does share similar symptoms with people diagnosed with depression. Bipolar Disorder is a severe condition because it can cause mania, which then causes hallucinations and paranoid rage. (Bipolar Disorder) Bipolar Disorder is classified into two categories, bipolar type 1 and bipolar type 2. Bipolar type 2 is more serious because

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Impact Of Assessment For Learning Education Essay Free Essays

This paper considers the impact of Assessment for Learning on kids ‘s advancement in a peculiar strand of the Primary Maths Curriculum. It does so foremost through a reappraisal of the relevant literature, and so employs some empirical illustrations to exemplify how the rhythm had helped to procure larning points in a peculiar context. The specific strand under consideration is the resolution of multi-step jobs, ‘aˆÂ ¦and jobs affecting fractions, decimals and per centums ; take and utilize appropriate computation schemes at each phase, including reckoner usage. We will write a custom essay sample on Impact Of Assessment For Learning Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now ‘ ( DCFS 2009 ) . Literature Review Changes in the professional model for the instruction and appraisal of Primary maths have been reflected in a invariably spread outing literature. This is now so expansive, that it can merely truly be reviewed here through some representative illustrations. There are two chief sub-genres which feature here: specifically, these are official publications, and scope of commercially produced texts which may be characterised as critical, professional, or vocational self-help literature. It is besides the instance that some generic texts on the topic of Primary Assessment for Learning may be pertinent here, although they do non associate specifically to mathematics. The official literature emphasises the holistic nature of appraisal by asseverating that ‘aˆÂ ¦assessment of kids ‘s accomplishments and advancement should be based on the expected acquisition results identified through the acquisition aims. In mathematics, measuring kids ‘s advancement in a nucleus strand of acquisition should be informed by the aims in the strand. ‘ ( DCFS 2009 ) . The fruition of this procedure may be visualized in the motive and authorization of the scholars themselves, supported by ‘aˆÂ ¦Constructive feedback that identifies how kids ‘s work and responses have led to successaˆÂ ¦ ‘ this, it advises, should supply a ‘aˆÂ ¦shared apprehension of the accomplishments on which to construct to do farther advancement. It helps kids to see how the following stairss take history of this success and are come-at-able. ‘ ( DCFS 2009 ) . There is a sense in which this acknowledges that Assessment for L earning has an importance, over and above what is revealed in outcome-based consequences, i.e. those from standardized trials. In other words, the latter no longer implies that it can stand as ‘aˆÂ ¦proxy for other sorts of larning. ‘ ( Campbell et al. 2004: p.119 ) The commercially published literature is invariably being updated by texts which engage with official policy and course of study alterations, construing them for practicians and parents. However, the bulk of these, although they make some mention to assessment, make non make so in the footings now prescribed by the DCFS, i.e. , daily and periodic appraisal. This is perchance because these theoretical accounts have merely been runing in the official discourse for a comparatively short period. Overall, this genre may itself be split into sub-groups, the most important of which are the brooding or critical genre, and the vocational or self-help group. One of the most fecund governments within this group is Sharon Clarke, whose Targeting Assessment in the Primary Classroom: Schemes for Planning, Assessment, Pupil Feedback and Target Setting ( 1998 ) , Unlocking Formative Appraisal: Practical Schemes for Enhancing Pupils ‘ Learning in the Primary Classroom, ( 2001 ) , and Active Lea rning Through Formative Assessment ( 2008 ) straddle consecutive developments in the instruction and appraisal of Primary mathematics. Besides helpful in these countries is Hansen ‘s Primary Mathematicss: Widening Knowledge in Practice ( Achieving QTS Extending Knowledge in Practice ) ( 2008 ) , and David Clarke ‘s Constructive Assessment in Mathematics: Practical Stairss for Classroom Teachers ( Key Resources in Professional Development ) , ( 1999 ) . As Shirley Clarke indicates, the ‘aˆÂ ¦sharing of a learning purpose isaˆÂ ¦more composite than merely reiterating what is in the instructor ‘s planaˆÂ ¦In order for the learning purpose to be shared efficaciously, it needs to be clear and unambiguous, so that the instructor can explicate it in a manner which makes sense. ‘ ( 2001: p.20 ) This may be taken as supportive of the official place: it endorses the thought that be aftering should pull non merely on the acquisition result, but besides on the anterior cognition of the pupils in inquiry. If they are expected to objectively measure their ain advancement, they must understand the frame of mention, and be able to imagine the acquisition result, even if they have n’t yet attained it. This thought is besides inexplicit in the thoughts of David Clarke: as he points out, earlier attacks to assessment focussed on ‘aˆÂ ¦measuring the extent to which pupils possess a set of tools andaË †Â ¦the extent to which they can use them. ‘ However, he farther indicates that ‘aˆÂ ¦to be mathematically equipped, a pupil must besides understand the nature of mathematical tools and be able to choose the right tool for a given problem-solving state of affairs. ‘ ( 1999: p.11 ) This position is besides endorsed in the contemplations of Hansen, who argues that, ‘aˆÂ ¦it is possible to assist kids to larn mathematical content through efficaciously incorporating problem-solving, concluding and communicating into mathematics lessons. ‘ ( Hansen 2008: p.5 ) Texts such as Gardner ‘s emended aggregation, , Assessment and Learning, ( 2006 ) , Gipps and Murphy ‘s A Fair Test? Assessment, Achievement and Equity, ( 1994 ) , and Taber ‘s Classroom-based research and evidence-based pattern, ( 2007 ) , travel some manner to bridging the spread between the functionary and the educational literature, specifically by looking at how policy and course of study affairs are linked by research and political orientation. These are, nevertheless, non specifically devoted to Primary mathematics, and neither are they entirely accepting of the orthodoxies which pervade the official literature. Gipps and Murphy make the point that measuring appraisal is ‘aˆÂ ¦not merely a inquiry of looking at the equity in the context of appraisal but besides within the course of study, as the two are closely related. ‘ ( 1994: p.3 ) As Taber points out, practicians are at the terminal of a really long and frequently distant supply concaten ation when it comes to weighing the grounds on what is ‘best pattern ‘ . As they put it, ‘aˆÂ ¦teachers are told what research has found out during their initial â€Å" preparation † , and are updatedaˆÂ ¦through classs and staff development yearss, but mostly through centralised official â€Å" counsel † . ‘ ( 2007: p.4 ) This is reinforced by observers such as Rist, who argues that, ‘We are good past the clip when it is possible to reason that good research will, because it is good, act upon the policy procedure. ‘ ( 2002: p.1002 ) . These are academic but non unimportant points in footings of the overall treatment, even if they are non peculiarly outstanding in the twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours duties of the category instructor. The point is that, as brooding practicians, we might all profit from some consciousness of what shapes the models which inform our attack to learning and larning. With respect to the current Assessment for Learning conventions, the thoughts in Assessment for Learning, Beyond the black box ( Assessment Reform Group, 1999 ) , are acknowledged by the QCA to hold been constructive of the whole attack. ( QCA 2003: p.1 ) . As the latter province, ‘The survey posed three inquiries: is there grounds that bettering formative appraisal raises criterions? ; is there grounds that there is room for betterment in the pattern of appraisal? ; and is at that place grounds about how to better formative appraisal? This research grounds pointed to an unqualified ‘yes ‘ as the reply to each of these inquiries. ‘ ( QCA 2003: p.1 ) . These are of import points, as the instruction, larning and appraisal models which define modern-day pattern are deeply adaptative of them. Discussion/Example from Experience. A strand of the Primary course of study where twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours and periodic appraisal was found to be peculiarly of import in the overall Assessment for Learning attack, was procuring figure facts, relationships and ciphering. The illustrations used here are from Year 6 block E, particularly Ma2, Written and reckoner methods, and Ma2, work outing numerical jobs from Unit One, and focused on covering with mistakes and misconceptions. One context where appraisal was found to be peculiarly relevant was in covering with upper school ( i.e. Old ages 4, 5 and 6 ) acquisition of generation and division. The assessment procedure had to be multi-faceted, taking in all of the associated cognition and accomplishments, the mistakes and misconceptions which arose, and the modeling of inquiries to place the beginning of such jobs. This may be illustrated by concentrating on one illustration, taken from Year 6 Key Objective 2, Multiplying and dividing by powers of 10 and the a ssociatory jurisprudence, where normally, the unprepared or baffled scholar ‘aˆÂ ¦Misuses half understood regulations about multiplying and dividing by powers of 10 and the associatory lawaˆÂ ¦ ‘ ( 2009 ) . The of import thing about generation and division through consecutive add-on or minus severally, is that, one time mastered, they can show to scholars that the application of basic accomplishments will enable them to interrupt down apparently complex jobs into a manageable format. Multiplying or spliting a three figure figure by a two digit figure depends on the usage of a figure of accomplishments: cognition of figure facts, i.e. times tabular arraies, topographic point value, to rapidly measure the viability of an reply, and organizational accomplishments, i.e. being able to use the right stairss in the appropriate order. It may besides be utile to augment these with reckoner usage, in order to verify replies. The of import point here is that twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours and periodic appraisal – and brooding feedback from the scholars themselves – was indispensable in the planning, fliping and bringing of this input. The mutuality of each measure in these computations meant that the failure to put to death one measure, frequently resulted in the failure to finish the overall aim. For illustration, if times tabular arraies and generation by 10 and 100 were non firmly in topographic point, the scholar would acquire bogged down in the arithmetic. Conversely, the securing of one of the incremental accomplishments involved in these computations was a positive factor in the scholars ‘ overall attack: i.e. , if they knew their times tabular arraies facts, topographic point value, or generation by 10 and 100 were in topographic point, it gave them a get downing point from which to analyze mistakes or jobs. For some scholars, this had the generic consequence of doing t hem gain that their long-run work in accomplishing these places of strength had a positive result, instead than being an abstract, stand-alone procedure. This in bend made them more interested in geting other general mathematics accomplishments. Looking beyond specific mathematics accomplishments, this may besides hold the leaning to develop the pupils ‘ ain capacities for self-fulfillment and self-motivation. As the QCA points out, ‘aˆÂ ¦In many schoolrooms, students do non comprehend the construction of the acquisition aims that give significance to their work. Therefore they are unable to measure their ain advancement. ‘ ( QCA 2003: p.3 ) Accomplishment in a multi-step procedure such as long generation or division might therefore enable them to map out where they are within the overall criterions. However, it was merely through a combination of twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours and periodic appraisal that the practician could be confident of be aftering efficaciously with respect to these undertakings. There was no point in piecing Sessionss which relied on a scope of accomplishments when they were non unafraid, either in single scholars, or sufficiently across the cohort as a whole. In assorted ability groups, this attack was evidently the key the necessary distinction. The logical corollary to this is that dianoetic feedback from the scholars themselves was besides of import in specifying the following phase of planning, i.e. what worked, what did n’t, who tried which method, were there any penchants etc. The entreaty of this activity besides lays in its all right balance of mental and pencil and paper methods, and the manner in which appraisal is the necessary concomitant to concrete computation. Overall, these experiences may be deemed supportive of the proposa ls of observers such as Clarke and Hansen, ( see above ) in that they emphasize the demand for the uninterrupted support of be aftering with appraisal. Summary, Analysis and Reflection: Deductions for Future Teaching. In drumhead, the decision of this paper is that both the literature and practical experience discussed here are reciprocally supportive of the demand for complimentary appraisal and planning. Outcome orientated consequences can exemplify single and whole school public presentation in certain contexts, but practicians need to be cognizant of appraisal in a holistic manner, as a day-to-day portion of their attack to learning and larning. As the QCA expresses it, ‘aˆÂ ¦Teachers are sing an increased sense that students are working with them instead than for them. For illustration, students are inquiring for more inquiries or illustrations to pattern using their apprehension of a subject or to reiterate prep or trials if they have non met the criterion and the aims that they and the instructor have set. ‘ ( QCA 2009: p.48 ) . Whilst this dynamic sounds really positive, practicians have new and different duties within it. In footings of appraisal, these can be itemised in the undermentioned waysaˆÂ ¦ Day to twenty-four hours: within this degree of appraisal, specific larning aims should explicitly communicated, and augmented with both equal and self appraisal as appropriate. Periodic: ideally, this should piece a broader overview of advancement across the topic for both scholar and instructor. It is besides an chance to interweave the national criterions in a sensitive manner with schoolroom pattern. The practician can utilize the penetrations gained from this procedure to inform both long and average term planning. Overall, it should be recognised that the ideal state of affairs, i.e. of self-motivated, self-actuating scholars, involved in their ain self-assessment, is improbable merely to ‘happen ‘ . Considered superficially, it might look that the practician ‘s function in appraisal has lessened, whilst the balance has been taken up by the scholars themselves. The world is instead different: students will merely go equal and effectual assessors of their ain advancement if they are provided with the appropriate support and counsel. In a sense, this facilitating function is a much more ambitious and elusive one than that implied in a more top-down, didactic theoretical account. Besides, there are obvious jobs in sing the ‘learner ‘ as a passive or generalized facet of this attack: it is much more likely that there is a staggered and varicolored consumption of the theoretical account, as different scholars are engaged at their ain gait and degree. This in bend indic ates that, as with all facets of the course of study, the societal and emotional facets of acquisition should be taken into consideration. How to cite Impact Of Assessment For Learning Education Essay, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Professional Research and Communication Development

Question: Discuss about the Professional Research and Communication Development. Answer: Introduction: The area that is selected for the as a domain of IT project is cloud computing. Rittinghouse and Ransome (2016) depicts that the basic of cloud computing offers a virtual storage of data rather than having to build and maintain computing infrastructures. This procedure can be used to consume a computer resource so that an organization can get the benefit of self-service provisioning and elasticity (Fernando et al., 2013). The particular cloud computing services that are taken into consideration is the Amazon Web services, which is a leading cloud computing organization in Australia (Rittinghouse Ransome, 2016). It is evident that this leading brand offers the facility to purchase objects and perform all the transactional procedures through online. People across the world use their services and experience their services. Ranjan et al. (2015) portray that thus they need anon-demand computing platform for storing the details of the employees, customers, products and the logistics through which the products is delivered to the destined customer. Thus, the worldview of the researcher is to find how Amazon Web Services (AWS) accomplishes their functions and stores the data of the customers and products. The research can also be done in the field of the benefit the concerned organization gets by using the cloud computing services. In addition to that, research paradigm is defined as a set of assumptionsfor conducting the research for the selected topic that is the influence of cloud computing at Amazon Web Services. Creswell (2013) depicts that research parading comprises of three sections- research philosophy, research design and research approach. Primarily research philosophy is of three types- Positivism, Realism and interpretivism (Li, 2016). In Positivism, large samples are considered and previous research study and provides knowledge of the findings of the data; while, in Realism, is based on the assumption of a scientific approach (Punch, 2013). Lastly, in interpretivism, a socially constructed assumption is considered. It is better to use positivism approach for the research as it allows for cross-checking the information and data on impacts on Amazon Web Services by using cloud computing. Moreover, the research approach comprises of two aspects- Inductive and Deductive approach of research. Punch (20 13) defines that inductive approach allows formulating new theories based on the collected data; while, the deductive approach aimed to test the previous theories. As the technology of cloud computing is new, it is better to consider the inductive approach as it helps to deal with the uncertainty of the future by dealing with the upcoming results from the concerned technology. Research design comprises of two aspects- exploratory and explanatory research design (Creswell, 2013). Richey and Klein (2014) furthermore depicts that in exploratory research design, the research topic is explored to obtain the research objective while explanatory research resembles the situation of connecting ideas to understand the research objective. In this research process, it is beneficial to uses both the research design for getting a better result regarding the research topic. The prime reason behind this selection is previous theories can be evaluated in search of new theories on the benefits of clo ud computing that is perceived by Amazon Web Services. Research on new policies The given scenario illustrates a research approach that is conducted by a research worker regarding the students reactions towards a newly implemented policy on closed campus locations. The prime objective of conducting the research is to evaluate whether this new policy is beneficial or not for the students and the academic organization. In this context, the problem in the selected way of research will be illustrated. Sampling technique is primarily of two types- probabilistic and non-probabilistic. Desu (2012) defines that in probabilistic sampling technique, all the respondent are provided equal chances to participate in the research; while in non-probabilistic sampling techniques, not all the respondents are provided equal chance to participate. In this research also, sampling techniques of the non-probabilistic method are used, which represented the biases in selecting the sample for the research as not all students, who went to dean are chosen. Only every fourth student who visits the dean is considered for the interviews. Moreover, another problem that shows the biasness of the research expert is the data analysis techniques. Punch (2013) depicts that data collected for research can be analyzed through two ways- quantitative data and qualitative data. Instead of conducting the data through questioner, the research group chose the way of the interview that allows them to get an exact response with proper justification directly from the interviewee but this method of the investigation suffers from many drawbacks. Bryman and Bell (2015) mentioned that qualitative analysis that is occurred through interview details has experts biasness and it is unavoidable. Another drawback is that method does not easily allow the evaluation of the statistical data and hence cannot be utilized to formulate assumptions beyond the current group of students in the academic institutions (Cohen et al. 2013). In addition to that, quantitative data results in an outcome that is free from any kind of perception biasness and henc e gives exact research results. This process is also not used by the research workers. Research variables on defined hypothesis The given scenario portrays an incidence where a research expert desires to find a relationship between students who participates in two different activities. One of the activities is to participate in after-school programs and another activity is to participate in rote learning, where students learn tomemorize technique based on repetition. The hypothesis formulated by the research expert resembles that, those students who take part in an after-school program related to critical thinking skills gains more academic achievement and self-esteem compared to the students, who are undertaking the option of rote learning. Moreover, based on the given hypothesis, it can be assumed that the research question is- The impact of after school programs and rote memorization on critical skill thinking skills, academic achievements and self-esteem. The prime objective of this assessment is to find the independent variables and the dependent variables according to the research topic. Ary et al. (2013) defines that variable of a research topic are given a special name that only used in the investigation purpose of the research. Creswell (2013) depicts that an independent variable may have an effect on the dependent variable and has a major occurrence in the research; while, a dependent variable is monitored whether they are impacted or not. Dependent variable is also known as explained variable," "responding variable and measured variable (Ary et al., 2013). Thus, it can be stated that the in this context, the independent variables are after school programs and rote memorization and the dependent variables are c ritical thinking skills, academic achievements and self-esteem. The research experts here desire to find the level of critical thinking skills, academic achievements and self-esteem on the students who participate in after school programs and rote memorization. The research expert assumes that after school programs result in more critical-thinking skills, academic achievements and self-esteem in students than in the rote memorization programs. Reference List Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C. K., Walker, D. (2013).Introduction to research in education. Cengage Learning. Bryman, A., Bell, E. (2015).Business research methods. Oxford University Press, USA. Cohen, L., Manion, L., Morrison, K. (2013).Research methods in education. Routledge. Creswell, J. W. (2013).Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications. Desu, M. M. (2012).Sample size methodology. Elsevier. Fernando, N., Loke, S.W. and Rahayu, W., 2013. Mobile cloud computing: A survey.Future Generation Computer Systems,29(1), pp.84-106. Li, Y. (2016). Research Design and Methodology. InExpatriate Managers Adaption and Knowledge Acquisition(pp. 73-129). Springer Singapore. Punch, K. F. (2013).Introduction to social research: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. Sage. Ranjan, R., Benatallah, B., Dustdar, S., Papazoglou, M. P. (2015). Cloud Resource Orchestration Programming: Overview, Issues, and Directions.IEEE Internet Computing,19(5), 46-56. Richey, R. C., Klein, J. D. (2014).Design and development research: Methods, strategies, and issues. Routledge. Rittinghouse, J. W., Ransome, J. F. (2016).Cloud computing: implementation, management, and security. CRC press.

Friday, March 27, 2020

The Economic Crisis of 2008 and the UK Government Response Essay Example For Students

The Economic Crisis of 2008 and the UK Government Response Essay Outline1 Introduction2 The Economic Crisis of 20083 The UK Government Response4 Decision Introduction The current economic crisis which had its roots in the US sub-primes market produced a profound displacement in UK economic policy, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . The latter suggests that prior to this crisis UK economic policy centred on three rules which included financial prudence, low rising prices and unequal ordinance and supervising of the UK banking sector. However, the consequence of the crisis was so terrible that the authorities refocused economic policy such that big public sector adoption was necessary. This was due to the fact that a figure of big UK Bankss were in problem holding had exposure to the troubled sub-primes market with subsequent bad debts on their balance sheets, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . Therefore, in order improve the wellness of the Bankss the UK authorities became effectual stockholders utilizing revenue enhancement remunerator s money. The Bankss which were assisted include Northern Rock, HBOS and Lloyds TSB every bit good as the Royal Bank of Scotland. Howeve r, the rule ground for authorities intercession was to supply liquidness to the interbank loans market and facilitate Bankss to impart to houses and consumers, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . It was envisaged that one time sufficient liquidness had been provided to the interbank market, so the Bankss would be willing to impart to each other and so the Bankss would be able to impart to the wider economic system. The entire cost of authorities action to debar a prostration in the fiscal markets amounted to 28 % of GDP, Furceri et Al ( 2009 ) . The Economic Crisis of 2008 We will write a custom essay on The Economic Crisis of 2008 and the UK Government Response specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The roots of the fiscal crisis which surfaced in July 2007, and which became worldwide after the collpase of Lehman Brothers on 14th September 2008, Guillen ( 2009 ) , lay in the sub-prime mortgage market in the United States, Lapavitsas ( 2009 ) . It was between 2001 to 2003 that mortgage loaning in the US rose significantly until 2006. At the bosom of the fiscal crisis lay the fact that loans for places were being made to those who would non be able to go on to do refunds on the mortgages either because they lost their occupations or involvement rates increased. The latter may be a consequence of the authorities seeking to stem a short term addition in rising prices. Therefore, the planetary economic crisis of 2008 had its roots in 2007. In the US, fiscal establishments were imparting money to borrowers whose income was deficient for them to comfortably maintain up the payments on mortgages, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . However, as house monetary values were traveling up more and more bad loans for mortgages were being made. It was due to the fact that these mortgages were valuable because the monetary values of houses were increasing that US investing Bankss took the mortgages and securitised them to organize CDO s. Nevertheless, the job started when US house monetary values began to fall, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . In this instance, as the monetary value of US houses began to worsen the securitised debt besides began to lose value. However, by this clip the securitised debt had been cut up into smaller balls and siphoned off to Bankss around the universe, stoping up as liabilities on their balance sheets, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . Some Bankss had larger balls of securitised debt on their balance sheets than other Bankss while some Bankss had no exposure to securitised debt at all. In the period 2004-2006, US $ 1.4 trillion worth of mortgages had been securitised.This represented 79.3 % of all sub-prime mortgages, Lapavitsas ( 2009 ) . Furthermore, harmonizing to the latter securitisation was the procedure whereby morgages were parcelled into little sums puting them into other fiscal constructions and selling the tonss as new securities. These new securities or CDOs were to be held by fiscal establishments around the universe. However, as involvement rates began to lift after 2004, mortgage foreclosures increased.The consequence of the increased foreclosures was that the securities became worthless and Bankss wer e unable to sell or merchandise them and increase their hard currency assets, Lapavitsas ( 2009 ) . The fact that Bankss had worthless, untradeable liabilities on their balance sheets put into uncertainty the solvency of UK every bit good as other planetary Bankss. These fiscal establishments preferred to roll up liquid assets alternatively of guaranting that liquidness to other Bankss was maintained through the interbank market. The ensuing liquidness deficit was characterised by the motion between the interbank loaning rate and the 3 month Overnight Indexed Swap rate. The Overnight Indexed Swap rate was exceeded by the interbanklending rate after August 2007 with the difference making a extremum in the last one-fourth of 2008, Lapavitsas ( 2009 ) . Therefore, liquidness dried up with Bankss unwilling to impart to each other ; and accordingly to houses and consumers. .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a , .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .postImageUrl , .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a , .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:hover , .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:visited , .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:active { border:0!important; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:active , .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc42ac26a32a2ff266c30a17731cb623a:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Physical Therapists And Physical TherapyIt is now clear that the jobs in the US lodging market started when involvement rates rose and house monetary values began to fall. At the same clip the cost of borrowing to houses began to increase, doing it more expensive for them to be able do productive investings which maintained current employment and generated farther employment. In this instance people began to be laid away and unemployment in the UK began to increase, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . Furthermore, in the UK people began to lose their occupations demand for goods and services fell and in the US as the figure of lodging foreclosures began to increase significantly as pe ople were laid away. Once people began to acquire laid off they lost their capacity to pay for the mortgages which they had taken out, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . As the figure of foreclosures soared and house monetary values to drop even deeper, the values of the securitised debt which was sitting on the balance sheets of Bankss around the universe besides began to fall in value. A effect of this was that the liabilities side of the bank s balance sheet began to increase. As rumors began to distribute in the market that some Bankss were more exposed than others to bad securitised debt, Bankss became fearful of loaning to each other through the interbank market. The impact of this was reduced ingestion, increasing unemployment and overall contraction of the economic systems of developed states, including in the UK. The UK authorities was therefore confronting an economic crisis which was non alone to this state but portion of a far wider planetary contagious disease whose spread was facilitated by the mechanics and linkages of globalization, Lapavitsas ( 2009 ) . However, the authorities in its response to the crisis had to guarantee that the Bankss did non prostration, continued to impart to each other and to consumers and houses in the wider economic system. The following subdivision will look at the UK authorities policy response in more item. The UK Government Response The UK was one of the European states to be hit the hardest by the planetary economic crisis which began with the US sub-primes crisis. The crisis led to the first tally on a UK bank since the latter portion of the nineteenth century with the whole banking sector confronting near meltdown 12 months subsequently with the prostration of Lehman Brothers on the 18th September 2008, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . Furthermore, the latter suggest that the ensuing recognition crunch and the bursting of the UK lodging bubble have had a profound impact on the UK economic system which has required a UK authorities policy response which has had to be non merely significant but besides has had to put aside regulations such as those associated with competition policy which would non usually have been done, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . It has besides been suggested in the literature that the UK economic system will contract by about 4 % in 2009 with rising prices falling by 1.7 % and unemployment making 3 mill ion before a sustained recovery boots sets in, NIESR ( 2009 ) . Furthermore, the economic crisis has led to unprecedented economic policy co-ordination at an international degree with policy preparation at the national and international degree invariably germinating, Pauly ( 2009 ) . Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) suggests that the policy paradigm which was followed by the UK Labour Party following its 1997 election triumph was basically the New Keynesian consensus on macroeconomic policy, the complex of policies which changed after the crisis. Specifically, the UK authorities relied on financial policy and pecuniary policy although doubtless, the latter was dominant. With respects to financial policy, the chief drivers included the decrease in the VAT rate from 17.5 % to 15 % ; and an addition in authorities adoption. Indeed the authorities s adoption demands increased 5 crease from its degree in 2007-2008 to its degree in 2008-2009 with the adoption demand traveling from2.3 % of its GDP in 2007-2008 to 11.3 % in 2008-2009. The addition in authorities adoption was non due to the work of automatic stabilizers and was in fact outside the work of the automatic stabilizers which caused the authorities to suspend its normal financial regulations for borrowing. On the other ma nus with the usage of pecuniary policy the authorities was able to make far more extended surgery to the UK economic system. First, the Bank of England dropped bank base rates from 5.75 % in November 2007 to 0.5 % in April 2009. This process was meant to do borrowing cheaper in the interbank market and ease general bank loaning to the wider economic system leting houses to borrow to put, while the decrease in VAT was meant to cut the costs of houses so that they would non put off staff, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . In footings of an IS-LM analysis the increased loaning by the Bankss due to take down bank base rates would be reflected by the LM curve switching downwards with national result theoretically increasing. However, the lowering of bank base rates did non work in the mode dictated by theory, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . The latter characterise the impersonal impact of the lowering of bank base rates on interbank loaning by detecting that neither did the volumes of interbank loaning ad dition or interbank rates fall. Furthermore, because rising prices besides fell, the Bank of England was unable to pull strings the existent involvement rate. For illustration, if rising prices is high and the nominal rate of involvement is low, so it is possible to hold negative degrees of the existent involvement rate, Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . However, this may non be possible when the degree of rising prices is falling or really low. This is declarative of the fact that possibly the pre-crisis policy of aiming rising prices was set at excessively lower rate and a higher rate of possibly 5 % should hold been operational to give more flexibleness to the Bank of England when utilizing pecuniary policy. The failure of the usage of involvement rates to decide the crisis led to the Bank of England conveying into action new policy instruments such as quantitative moderation and the Asset Purchasing Facility ( APF ) , Hodson et Al ( 2009 ) . The former policy instrument allowed the Bank t o impart against securities utilizing its price reduction window in order to increase liquidness. Furthermore, the APF allowed the bank non merely to impart against securities but to buy them from other fiscal establishments. .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 , .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .postImageUrl , .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 , .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:hover , .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:visited , .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:active { border:0!important; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:active , .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7 .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2f8adeb582c6569bf7cea1d2004c27a7:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Functions Of A Discourse Community EssayDecision This paper has evaluated the causes of the planetary economic crisis of 2008 and the subsequent policy response of the UK authorities. It has been shown that the crisis began the US sub-primes market and spread globally due to the securitisation of sub-primes mortgages which therefore entered the circulation of the planetary fiscal system. The subsequent busting of the US lodging bubble made the securitised debt worthless and as a effect loaning in the interbank loaning market dried up with Bankss waiting to neglect with black effects. The authorities s policy response to the crisis was at first to utilize both pecuniary and financial policy with financial policy concentrating on an addition in authorities adoption and a decrease the rate of VAT. Monetary policy at first relied on the usage of take downing bank base rates to excite interbank loaning. However, this did non work because rising prices was at a low and so the authorities resorted to utilizing irregular techniques such as quantitative moderation and the Asset Purchasing Facility to increase liquidness in the market. The authorities still faces the jobs associated with the demand for coordinated action amongst state provinces to cover with the crisis every bit good as the chance that there may be a 2nd recognition crisis which involves non Bankss or houses but consumers and autonomous provinces.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Discovering Texas essay

Discovering Texas essay Discovering Texas essay Discovering Texas essayThe factors that could result in Texas transforming from a Republican Party dominate state, to a Democratic one include economic changes and increased demographic changes in the region that could considerably increase the participation of voters in political elections. Besides, a Democratic party could become dominant in the state if there were the opportunities for political growth, such as the election of new leadership, the changed organizational structure and other factors. Finally, the party could become successful and dominate in Texas if a large number of voters from the Republican Party were attracted by the Democratic Party during election campaigns. It is necessary to remember that â€Å"Republican growth was affected by several socioeconomic and cultural forces that conflated during the 1960s-1970s to enable an emerging and popular image of liberalism as weak, amoral and failed†. The implications at the state and national level if it were to m ake this transformation would be considerable. If a Republican Party failed to win elections, it could not control governing organizations and agencies. In other words, it could not dominate the public policy process in a proper way. It is necessary to remember that Republican and Democratic Parties have their presence at the state and national levels. The above mentioned transformation could lead to conflicts between governing organizations and agencies at the state and national levels. Moreover, these implications could be explained by the fact that the two parties dominate political elections on the national level, and they dominate elections at the state and local levels. These facts mean that the implications at the state and national level if it were to make this transformation could lead to changes in political environment.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Review book Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Review book - Essay Example Jane Healy is perplexed by the over dependence of teachers on the computer as a teaching and learning aid. A survey carried out among teachers and parents led her to the startling revelation that after the three R’s, i.e. reading writing and arithmetic and good habits, most of them desired proficiency in computers in their wards. The traditional domains of arts, history, geography and science figured much lower in the list of sixteen items listed in the survey. Parents who buy a computer have their children’s education in mind while making this expensive purchase. In the schools, computers have taken over the teacher’s job of education facilitator through repetitive drills and practice. Parents seem to have fallen into a delusional trap because they assume that a child who can operate a sophisticated tool like a computer must be smart, when in fact such a theory is not necessarily right. Constant drilling only hones their ability to get better scores in standard tests while dulling their analytical and problem solving skills. In the lower classes, computers have a negative impact because â€Å"fast growing biological systems are most vulnerable to damage†(pg.111) Healy is critical of the high amounts spent on upgrading hardware and computer software which can be put to better use by promoting literature and arts and even in training teachers. The biggest dangers that a computer poses to a child is inhibition of brain development and a lack of creativity. A child’s excessive use of computers interferes with its cognitive and social skills and they find it difficult to communicate even in familiar surroundings. From a physiological angle, computers lead to hand and arm injuries due to repetitive use, and back problems because of the enormous amount of time spent sitting in front of the computer. There is also the danger of visual problems due to eyestrain and problems associated with constant exposure to electromagnetic fields.